Immobilization of laccase on hollow mesoporous carbon nanospheres: Noteworthy immobilization, excellent stability and efficacious for antibiotic contaminants removal.

Affiliation

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Hunan University and Key Laboratory of Environmental Biology and Pollution Control (Hunan University), Ministry of Education, Changsha 410082, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this study, the hollow mesoporous carbon spheres (HMCs) were synthesized and modified for laccase (Lac) immobilization, and the structural characteristics of HMCs materials were determined by FESEM, TEM and FTIR etc. The maximum loading of Lac on the HMCs materials could reach 835 mg/g, meanwhile, the immobilized Lac exhibited excellent thermo-stability, pH stability, storage stability and reusability. The antibiotics removal experiments indicated that the immobilized Lac possess efficient removal efficiency for both tetracycline hydrochloride (TCH) and ciprofloxacin hydrochloride (CPH) in the presence of redox mediator. The synergy of the adsorption by HMCs and the degradation by Lac could be the reasons for the high removal of antibiotics. Meanwhile, for investigating degradation mechanism, the degradation product analysis and molecular docking method had been introduced to this study. According to the degradation products, dehydroxylation and demethylation are major degradation reactions for TCH degradation, and the oxidation of the piperazinyl substituent and hydroxylation are the major degradation for CPH degradation. The docking results showed that some important residues played the key role in the degradation process. This study indicated that the immobilization of Lac on HMCs could be potentially applied in environmental remediation of antibiotics.

Keywords

Antibiotics,Degradation product,Hollow mesoporous carbon spheres,Laccase immobilization,Molecular docking,