OBJECTIVE : Precise diagnosis of allergy requires knowledge of the population's food allergy (FA) spectrum and predictors. METHODS : Medical charts of Turkish children aged 0-2 years with FA and/or atopic dermatitis (AD) were reviewed. RESULTS : A total of 1,389 patients, 912 with FA and 1,140 with AD, were included. In the FA group, the most frequently diagnosed FAs were egg white (75.9%), cow's milk (55.7%), tree nuts (31.5%) and sesame (20.6%). The detection of FA in 99% of children with any kind of FA necessitate testing with egg white, cow's milk, hazelnut, sesame, walnut, cashew, and pistachio. In the FA group, 72.7 and 56.8% had AD and multiple FA respectively. Multiple FA (56.8 vs. 49.8%) and hen's egg allergy (85.5 vs. 50.2%, p < 0.005) were more common and cow's milk allergy (51.4 vs. 67.1%, p < 0.005) less common in the AD subgroup of the FA group than in the non-AD subgroup. Multiple FA likelihood increases parallel to the severity of AD (p < 0.05). In the AD group, 58.2% had an immunoglobulin E-mediated FA. The risk of concomitant FA increased as the age at symptom onset of AD decreased (OR 0.800 [95% CI 0.731-0.875]; p < 0.001) and the severity of AD increased (OR 2.350 [95% CI 1.898-2.911]; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS : Although severe and early-onset AD is a predictor of the presence and magnitude of FA in infancy, the spectrum of FA is a reflection of cultural characteristics. The clinical presentations of both AD and FA may in fact be an expression of the extent of the immune dysregulation underlying atopy and allergy.