Impact of DARC rs12075 Variants on Liver Fibrosis Progression in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C: A Retrospective Study.

Author

María Ángeles Jiménez-Sousa

Affiliation

Unidad de Infección Viral e Inmunidad, Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28220 Majadahonda, Spain. [Email]

Abstract

: The Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) rs12075 polymorphism regulates leukocyte trafficking and proinflammatory chemokine homeostasis. Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-mediated liver fibrosis is associated with an uncontrolled inflammatory response. In this study, we evaluate the association between the DARC rs12075 polymorphism and liver stiffness progression in HCV-infected patients. We carried out a retrospective cohort study (repeated measures design) in 208 noncirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) who had at least two liver stiffness measurements (LSM) with a separation of at least 12 months. We used generalized linear models to analyze the association between DARC rs12075 polymorphism and outcome variables. During a follow-up of 46.6 months, the percentage of patients with stages of fibrosis F0/F1 decreased (p < 0.001), while LSM values and the percentage of patients with cirrhosis increased (p < 0.001). This pattern of changes was maintained in each of the groups of patients analyzed according to their rs12075 genotypes (AA or AG/GG). However, the variations in liver stiffness characteristics were lower in patients with the rs12075 AG/GG genotype (AG/GG versus AA). Thereby, in the adjusted analysis, patients with the rs12075 AG/GG genotype had a lower risk of an increased value of LSM2/LSM1 arithmetic mean ratio (AMR = 0.83; p = 0.001) and of an increase in LSM ≥ 5 kPa (odds ratio (OR) = 0.28; p = 0.009). Besides, patients with rs12075 AG/GG had a lower risk of cirrhosis progression (OR = 0.24; p = 0.009). No significant associations were found for an increase in LSM ≥ 10 kPa. We found an association between the DARC rs12075 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and CHC progression. Specifically, patients with the DARC rs12075 AG/GG genotype had a lower risk of liver fibrosis progression and development of cirrhosis.

Keywords

DARC,chronic hepatitis C,cirrhosis,hepatic fibrosis,liver stiffness,single nucleotide polymorphisms,