Impact of Hemodynamic Support on Outcome in Patients Undergoing High-Risk Percutaneous Coronary Intervention.

Affiliation

Department of Medicine II, Heart Center, University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The use of left-ventricular (LV) hemodynamic support might facilitate high-risk percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in patients with complex coronary artery disease. The impact on outcome is a matter of ongoing debate. We assessed the outcome of high-risk patients who underwent protected PCI in comparison to patients who underwent unprotected high-risk PCI. One hundred and thirty nine patients underwent nonemergent high-risk PCI; 24 (17%) patients underwent protected PCI. To address selection bias, we performed a propensity score matched subanalysis. The primary end point was the occurrence of a major adverse cardiac event during the first year. Patients with protected PCI had a higher logistic EuroSCORE (logES) (protected PCI: 19% vs unprotected PCI: 12%; p = 0.01), a higher SYNTAX score (45 vs 36, p = 0.07), and significantly more often reduced LV function (40% vs 55%; p < 0.001). In protected PCI patients, complete revascularization was more often achieved (87% vs 58%, p = 0.007) without the occurrence of death at 30 days of follow-up (0% vs 4%, p = 0.31). After propensity score matching, patients who underwent protected PCI had a similar 1-year major adverse cardiac event rate compared with patients who underwent unprotected PCI (21% vs 17%, p = 0.67), despite significantly higher procedural complexity for example, more often complex left main bifurcation lesions (71% vs 29%; p = 0.004). In conclusion, 1-year outcome of patients who underwent protected PCI was not different from that in patients with less complex procedures without hemodynamic support, despite more complex coronary anatomy, a higher comorbidity burden, and more often reduced LV function.