Impact of resident involvement on cervical and lumbar spine surgery outcomes.


Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Ottawa, The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: [Email]


Resident involvement in the operating room is a vital component of their medical education. Conflicting and limited research exists regarding the effects of surgical resident participation on spine surgery patient outcomes.


Anterior cervical,Length of hospital stay,Posterior lumbar,Postoperative complications,Resident involvement,Surgery duration,Surgery outcomes,

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