Impact of specific inhibitors on metallo-β-carbapenemases detected in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates.


Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Pharmacy,Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt. Electronic address: [Email]


Carbapenems are widely regarded as the drugs of choice for the treatment of severe infections caused by extended-spectrum beta lactamases producing Enterobacteriaceae. The emergence of carbapenem-resistant organisms is worrisome due to the limited treatment options. Detection of carbapenemase-producing bacteria is critical for the choice of appropriate therapy. However, Inhibition of carbapenemases is an alternative approach to combat resistance to carbapenms. In this study, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenem resistant isolates were recovered from 300 clinical isolates. They were subjected phenotypically for detection of class B metallo-carbapenemase (MBL) producers (by carbapenem disks with or without EDTA), and were subjected for confirmation genotypically by PCR. In addition, the synergistic activities of MBL-inhibitors in combination with carbapenems were elucidated. Two E. coli and 15 K. pneumoniae isolates were carbapenem resistant. The genes encoding blaNDM-1 carbapenemase were detected in 16/17 isolates solely, or collaboratively with either blaVIM, or blaIMP or both in all carbapenem resistant isolates, by PCR method. The VIM-carbapenemase was encoded by one isolate. In pre-clinical trials for development of MBL-specific inhibitors, Sub-inhibitory concentrations of citric acid, malic acid, ascorbic acid and ciprofloxacin in combination with imipenem or meropenem exerted synergistic activities against metallo-carbapenemases. Their activities are probably attributed to the chelation of zinc ions in the active site of carbapenemase. Conclusively, these promising combined therapies might represent a new strategy for combating such serious infections caused by metallo-B-carbapenemase producers of K. pneumoniae and E. coli isolates.


Escherichia coli,Inhibition,Klebsiella pneumonia,Metallo-β-carbapenemases,