Improved Methods to Measure Outcomes After High Tibial Osteotomy.


Wolf Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, Fowler Kennedy Sport Medicine Clinic, University of Western Ontario, 3M Centre, Room 1220, London, Ontario N6A 3K7, Canada; Bone and Joint Institute, University of Western Ontario, London Health Sciences Centre, University Hospital B6-200, London, Ontario N6A 5B5, Canada; School of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Western Ontario, 1201 Western Rd, London, Ontario N6G 1H1, Canada. Electronic address: [Email]


Observational studies suggest high tibial osteotomy produces substantial improvements in knee loading and stability that can limit the progression of joint damage; decrease pain; improve function and quality of life; and delay the need for knee replacement surgery. It can be cost-effective in knee osteoarthritis. However, systematic reviews and clinical practice guidelines are unable to provide strong recommendations, because limited high-level evidence supports its therapeutic value versus other treatments. We describe findings suggesting it can improve outcomes important to knee joint structure and function, patient quality of life, and health care systems. Future clinical trials are warranted and required.


Evidence-based practice,High tibial osteotomy,Knee osteoarthritis,Outcome measures,Varus gonarthrosis,