Jiangsu Provincial Key Lab for Organic Solid Waste Utilization, National Engineering Research Center for Organic-based Fertilizers, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center for Solid Organic Waste Resource Utilization, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, PR China; Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources Collection and Preservation, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Agricultural Resources and Regional Planning, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]
Xylanase is an important enzyme in industrial applications, which usually require the enzyme to maintain activity in high-temperature condition. In this study, a GH10 family xylanase XynAF0 from a thermophilic composting fungus, Aspergillus fumigatus Z5, was investigated to determine its thermostable mechanism. XynAF0 showed excellent thermostability, which could maintain 50% relative activity after incubation for 1 h at 70 °C. The homologous modeling structure of XynAF0 was constructed and an α-helix composed of poly-threonine has been found in the linker region between the catalytic domain and the carbohydrate-binding module domain. Both the molecular dynamics simulation and the biochemical experiments proved that the α-helix plays an important role in the thermostability of XynAF0. Introducing of this poly-threonine region to the C-terminus of another GH10 family xylanase improved its thermostability. Our results indicated that the poly-threonine α-helix at the C-terminus of the catalytic domain was important for improving the thermophilic of GH10 family xylanases, which provides a new strategy for the thermostability modification of xylanases.