Improving spatiotemporal gait parameters in spastic diplegic children using treadmill gait training.

Affiliation

Department of Biomechanics, College of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt; Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Dammam University, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : Even though several physiotherapy techniques help to improve the spatiotemporal gait parameters of diplegic children, the efficacy of treadmill gait training together with conventional treatment techniques on spatiotemporal parameter improvement needs more investigation.
OBJECTIVE : This study's main purpose is to investigate the effect of treadmill gait training as an adjunct to conventional physiotherapy treatment on the spatiotemporal gait parameters of diplegic children.
METHODS : Twenty diplegic children were distributed randomly into two equal groups (a control group of ten children who received a traditional treatment and an experimental group of ten children who received the traditional treatment together with treadmill gait training). Gait data were collected using a Vicon three-dimensional motion analysis system during regular walking.
RESULTS : Walking speed, cadence, step length, stride length, and single limb support were enhanced in both groups (p < 0.05). Cadence and walking speed increased by 6.5 steps/min and 0.2 m/sec respectively in the experimental group, compared to the control group. Also, step length, stride length and single limb support time increased by 0.13 m, 0.27 m, and 0.07 s respectively in the experimental group, compared to the control group.
CONCLUSIONS : The use of treadmill gait training together with conventional physical therapy treatment enhances the walking performance of diplegic children by improving several spatiotemporal gait parameters. Furthermore, walking balance is improved by increasing the single-leg support time.

Keywords

Conventional physiotherapy treatment,Diplegic children,Spatiotemporal parameters,Treadmill gait training,

OUR Recent Articles