In vivo study of the efficacy, biosafety, and degradation of a zinc alloy osteosynthesis system.

Affiliation

State Key Laboratory of Military Stomatology, Laboratory Animal Center, School of Stomatology, The Fourth Military Medical University, 145 West Changle Road, Xi'an 710032, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this study, a comprehensive analysis of a novel zinc alloy osteosynthesis system in a canine mandibular fracture model is presented. The efficacy of the system was compared for PLLA (poly-l-lactic acid) and titanium materials using X-ray radiography, micro-CT tomography, undecalcified bone histomorphometry, and a three-point bending test. Histology, blood normal, blood biochemical, and serum zinc concentration tests were also performed to assess the biosafety of the zinc alloy osteosynthesis system. The degradability of the zinc alloy was evaluated using a micro-CT and scanning electron microscope during the 24-week post operation period. The results showed that zinc alloy possesses good mechanical properties that support fracture healing. Its uniform and slow corrosion leads to adequate degradation behavior in 24 weeks. Additionally, the zinc alloy proved to be biocompatible, indicating that this novel osteosynthesis system is safe for use in the body. The results of the study demonstrate that this zinc alloy-based osteosynthesis system is a promising candidate for a new generation of osteosynthesis systems, with further improvements required in the future.

Keywords

Bioabsorbable zinc alloy,Biocompatibility,Fixation devices,Fracture fixation,In vivo test,