College of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Bioenergy Research Institute, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing, 211816, China; Jiangsu National Synergetic Innovation Center for Advanced Materials (SICAM), Nanjing, 211816, China; Jiangsu Synergetic Innovation Center for Advanced Bio-Manufacture, Nanjing, 211816, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Adenosine, which is produced mainly by microbial fermentation, plays an important role in the therapy of cardiovascular disease and has been widely used as an antiarrhythmic agent. In this study, guanosine 5'-monophosphate (GMP) synthetase gene (guaA) was inactivated by gene-target manipulation to increase the metabolic flux from inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP) to adenosine in B. subtilis A509. The resulted mutant M3-3 showed an increased adenosine production from 7.40 to 10.45 g/L, which was further enhanced to a maximum of 14.39 g/L by central composite design. As the synthesis of succinyladenosine monophosphate (sAMP) from IMP catalysed by adenylosuccinate synthetase (encoded by purA gene) is the rate-limiting step in adenosine synthesis, the up-regulated transcription level of purA was the potential underlying mechanism for the increased adenosine production. This work demonstrated a practical strategy for breeding B. subtilis strains for industrial nucleoside production.