Increasing Complexity Threatens the Elimination of Extra-Amazonian Malaria in Brazil.


Department of Public Health Sciences, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


Extra-Amazonian malaria has been reported to be endemic in Brazil since the end of the 19th century. Currently, only a few cases are reported annually. However, recent findings of unexpected Plasmodium infections with uncertain transmission cycles in the Extra-Amazonian region could pose a threat to the malaria elimination agenda in Brazil.


Anopheles cruzii,Atlantic Forest,Kerteszia subgenus,Plasmodium,

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