Inflammation and coagulation crosstalk induced by BJcuL, a galactose-binding lectin isolated from Bothrops jararacussu snake venom.

Affiliation

Department of Clinical Analysis, Toxicology and Food Science, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Inflammation and coagulopathies are important systemic events following snakebite. Snake venom galactoside-binding lectins (SVgalLs) are known modulators of the immune response with no direct effect on hemostasis. Considering the crosstalk between inflammation and coagulation, the present study investigated how BJcuL, a proinflammatory SVgalL isolated from Bothrops jararacussu venom, mediated the inflammation-induced procoagulant activity. We examined the proinflammatory cytokine production and procoagulant tissue factor (TF) activity in human whole blood and monocyte-rich cell suspension (MR-PBMC) treated with BJcuL. This lectin increased production of the cytokines TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6, upregulated TF expression on the cell surface, and induced procoagulant activity. The proinflammatory behavior was mediated by the direct interaction between the lectin and toll-like receptor 4, via binding to β-galactoside-containing glycoconjugates on the cell surface, and activation of NFκ-B signaling. Interestingly, the BJcuL-induced inflammation was directly associated with the procoagulant activity of MR-PBMC cells. In whole blood culture, the lectin exhibited similar behavior, i.e. it induced cytokine production and MR-PBMC TF-mediated procoagulant activity. Therefore, the present study is the first report on the inflammation-induced procoagulant activity of SVgalLs, and it indicates that BJcuL is an important factor associated with coagulopathy in patients with snake envenomation.

Keywords

Coagulation,Inflammation,Snake venom lectin,

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