Influence of Nature Support on Methane and CO2 Conversion in a Dry Reforming Reaction over Nickel-Supported Catalysts.

Affiliation

Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P.O. Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia. [Email]

Abstract

A promising method to reduce global warming has been methane reforming with CO2, as it combines two greenhouse gases to obtain useful products. In this study, Ni-supported catalysts were synthesized using the wet impregnation method to obtain 5%Ni/Al2O3(SA-5239), 5%Ni/Al2O3(SA-6175), 5%Ni/SiO2, 5%Ni/MCM41, and 5%Ni/SBA15. The catalysts were tested in dry reforming of methane at 700 °C, 1 atm, and a space velocity of 39,000 mL/gcat h, to study the interaction of Ni with the supports, and evaluation was based on CH4 and CO2 conversions. 5%Ni/Al2O3(SA-6175) and 5%Ni/SiO2 gave the highest conversion of CH4 (78 and 75%, respectively) and CO2 (84 and 82%, respectively). The catalysts were characterized by some techniques. Ni phases were identified by X-ray diffraction patterns. Brunauer-Emmett-Teller analysis showed different surface areas of the catalysts with the least being 4 m2/g and the highest 668 m2/g belonging to 5%Ni/Al2O3(SA-5239) and 5%Ni/SBA15, respectively. The reduction profiles revealed weak NiO-supports interaction for 5%Ni/Al2O3(SA-5239), 5%Ni/MCM41, and 5%Ni/SBA15; while strong interaction was observed in 5%Ni/Al2O3(SA-6175) and 5%Ni/SiO2. The 5%Ni/Al2O3(SA-6175) and 5%Ni/SiO2 were close with respect to performance; however, the former had a higher amount of carbon deposit, which is mostly graphitic, according to the conducted thermal analysis. Carbon deposits on 5%Ni/SiO2 were mainly atomic in nature.

Keywords

Ni-supported catalysts,carbon deposition,catalytic activity,greenhouse gas,methane reforming,

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