Influence of whey protein hydrolysis in combination with dextran glycation on immunoglobulin E binding capacity with blood sera obtained from patients with a cow milk protein allergy.

Affiliation

Center for Dairy Research, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 53706. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Food protein allergies are a major global concern. Hydrolysis of food proteins reduces their allergenicity, but another novel approach is the covalent attachment of polysaccharides to proteins via the Maillard reaction (i.e., glycation), which blocks some IgE binding epitopes on the protein allergen. We wanted to examine whether enzymatic hydrolysis, combined with glycation, could further reduce IgE binding for people with a cow milk protein allergy. Whey protein isolate (WPI) was hydrolyzed by immobilized trypsin and chymotrypsin to degree of hydrolysis (DH) values of 17 to 27%. Immobilized enzymes were used to avoid heat-treating the hydrolysate (to inactivate the enzymes, because heating could also affect the IgE binding ability of the protein). The resultant whey protein isolate hydrolysates (WPIH) were then glycated with 10-kDa dextran (DX) in aqueous solutions held at 62°C for 24 h. We analyzed the molar mass (MW) of WPIH samples and their corresponding glycates (WPIH-DX) using size-exclusion chromatography with multi-angle laser light scattering. We obtained blood sera from 8 patients who had been diagnosed with a cow milk protein allergy, and we used a composite serum for IgE binding analysis. The average MW values of samples WPIH-1 to WPIH-3 decreased from 11.15, 9.46, and 7.57 kDa with increasing DH values of 18.7, 22.5, and 27.1%. Glycation significantly reduced the high bitterness of the WPIH samples, as assessed by a trained sensory panel. The WPIH-DX glycates had significantly reduced WPI-specific IgE binding capacity compared to WPI or unglycated WPIH; we found an almost 99% reduction in IgE binding for the WPIH-DX glycate made from WPIH with a DH value of 27.1%. Hydrolysis of WPI followed by glycation with DX via the Maillard reaction significantly decreased the allergenicity of whey proteins.

Keywords

allergenicity,cow milk protein allergy,dextran,hydrolysis,whey protein isolate,

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