The liver performs a variety of essential functions; hence drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a serious concern that can ultimately lead to the withdrawal of a drug from the market or discontinuation of drug development. However, the mechanisms of drug-induced liver injury are not always clear. We hypothesized that drugs may inhibit the liver recovery process, especially bile canalicular (BC) network reformation, leading to persistent liver injury and deterioration, and tested this hypothesis in the present work. The BC structure disappeared in mice following treatment with 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine (DDC) or thioacetamide (TAA) for 4 weeks, then reappeared after 4 weeks of receiving a normal diet. By contrast, reconstruction of the BC structure was suppressed in mice fed a diet containing 0.3% benzbromarone (BBR; which can induce fatal liver injury in clinical settings) after liver injury. Plasma ALT levels were increased significantly in mice treated with BBR after DDC or TAA treatment, compared with BBR alone. To confirm whether BBR has a direct inhibitory effect on hepatocytes, we also examined BC reformation in primary cultured mouse hepatocytes with a sandwich configuration. Under these culture conditions, the BC network rapidly reformed from days 2 and 3 after seeding. During the reformation period, BBR inhibited BC reformation significantly. These results suggest that BBR inhibits BC reconstruction and delays recovery from pre-existing liver injury.