Intensity-Dependent Benefit of Statins in Survival Among Prospective Kidney Transplant Patients.

Affiliation

Department of Internal Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois; Department of Cardiology, Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, California. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Statin use in patients listed for in kidney transplant is believed to be beneficial. However, the optimum statin dose for improved survival in this high-risk population is unknown. Our study aimed to determine the impact of prekidney transplant statin dosage on survival postkidney transplant. In this retrospective cohort study, we enrolled patients who underwent kidney transplant from January 2005 to September 2015 at Rush University Medical. Data on the statin use and intensity used before kidney transplant were obtained. The patient population was stratified into 2 groups based on prekidney transplant use of statins. Patients using any form of statin, without regard to the type and dose, were placed in the statin groups, whereas the rest were categorized as the no statin group. The statin group was further classified into low-intensity, moderate-intensity, and high-intensity statin subgroups based on the present atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease definition of statin intensity. The primary outcome was patient survival after kidney transplant. A total of 687 patients had data on statin use before kidney transplant were followed. Median follow-up time was 3.4 years (interquartile range 1.2 to 5.6 years). Multivariate analysis showed that the use of statins prekidney transplant was associated with improved survival postkidney transplant compared with prestatin group (Hazard ratio 0.56, confidence intervals 0.32 to 1.00, p = 0.05). When patients on statins were stratified by statin intensity, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed a significant dose-dependent improvement in survival. Multivariate analysis showed that the relation between statin intensity and survival was maintained even after adjusting for confounder (hazard ratio 0.30, confidence intervals 0.18 to 0.51, p <0.001). In conclusion, our data indicate statistically significant survival benefit in patients receiving high-intensity statin before kidney transplant.