College of Food Science and Technology, Bohai University, Food Safety Key Lab of Liaoning Province, National & Local Joint Engineering Research Center of Storage, Processing and Safety Control Technology for Fresh Agricultural and Aquatic Products, Jinzhou, Liaoning, 121013, China. Electronic address: [Email]
The interaction between soyasaponin and soy β-conglycinin (7S) or glycinin (11S), adsorption of their mixtures at air-water interface, and foaming properties of the mixed system were investigated in this study. Fluorescence spectroscopy results showed that there was a weak binding of soyasaponin with 7S or 11S in bulk solutions, leading to the conformational changes of protein by nonspecific hydrophobic interactions. Dynamic surface properties of soyasaponin-7S/11S mixtures indicated that the composite layers formed via their weak interactions due to the synergy of reducing surface tension and the plateau of elasticity at the interface. Most mixtures represented high foam forming ability and stability except 0.2 % soyasaponin mixture, which could be a consequence that the surface behavior was dominated by soyasaponin under this concentration, and low surface elasticity lead to a less stable interfacial film. Overall, foamability of soyasaponin-7S mixtures were better than 11S ones. All data of this work was helpful to understand air-water behaviors of soyasaponin-7S/11S mixtures. This mixed system has shown good potential for further foam related industrial applications.