Intermittent hypoxemia and oxidative stress in preterm infants.

Affiliation

Dept of Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University, Division of Neonatology, Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital, 11100 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, 44106, United States. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Intermittent hypoxemia events (IH) are common in extremely preterm infants and are associated with many poor outcomes including retinopathy or prematurity, wheezing, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, cognitive or language delays and motor impairment. More recent data in animal and rodent models have suggested that specific patterns of IH may increase the risk for morbidity. The pathway by which these high risk patterns of IH initiate a pathological cascade is unknown but animal models suggest that oxidative stress may play a role. This review describes early postnatal patterns of IH in preterm infants, their relationship with morbidity, oxidative stress biomarkers relevant to the newborn infant and the relationship between IH and reactive oxygen species.

Keywords

Hypoxia,Intermittent hypoxemia,Oxidative stress,Pulse oximetry,