Irrigation, Débridement, and Implant Retention for Recurrence of Periprosthetic Joint Infection Following Two-Stage Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Matched Cohort Study.


International Center for Limb Lengthening, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : We investigated clinical/functional outcomes and implant survivorship in patients who underwent 2-stage revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) after periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), experienced acute PJI recurrence, and underwent irrigation, débridement, and polyethylene exchange (IDPE) with retention of stable implant.
METHODS : Twenty-four patients (24 knees) were identified who underwent 2-stage revision TKA for PJI, experienced acute PJI recurrence, and then underwent IDPE between 2005 and 2016 (minimum 2-year follow-up). After IDPE, intravenous antibiotics (6 weeks) and oral suppression therapy (minimum 6 months) were administered. Data were compared with 1:2 matched control group that underwent 2-stage revision TKA for chronic PJI and did not receive IDPE.
RESULTS : Average IDPE group follow-up was 3.8 years (range, 2.4-7.2). Reinfection rate after IDPE was 29% (n = 7): 3 of 7 underwent second IDPE (2 of 3 had no infection recurrence) and 5 (one was patient who had recurrent infection after second IDPE) underwent another 2-stage revision TKA. Control group reinfection rate was 27% (n = 13) (P = .85). For IDPE group, mean time to reinfection after 2-stage revision TKA was 4.6 months (range, 1-8 months) (patients presented with acute symptoms less than 3 weeks duration). At latest follow-up, mean Knee Society Score was 70 (range, 35-85) in IDPE group and 75 (range, 30-85) in control group (P = .53).
CONCLUSIONS : IDPE for acute reinfection following 2-stage revision TKA with well-fixed implants had a 71% success rate. These patients had comparable functional outcome as patients with no IDPE after 2-stage revision TKA. IDPE followed by long-term suppression antibiotic therapy should be considered in patients with acute infection and stable components.


IDPE,irrigation, débridement, and polyethylene exchange,periprosthetic joint infection,recurrent periprosthetic joint infection,reinfection after revision TKA,revision total knee arthroplasty,