Is polycystic ovary syndrome associated with risk of female sexual dysfunction? A systematic review and meta-analysis.


Department of Urology and Andrology, Minimally Invasive Surgery Center, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Guangdong 510230, China. Electronic address: [Email]


The aim of this study was to evaluate whether polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a risk factor for female sexual dysfunction (FSD) by conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. The databases PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant studies. The association between PCOS and risk of FSD was assessed by relative risk or standard mean differences with 95% confidence interval. The protocol for this meta-analysis is available from PROSPERO (CRD42018102247). Overall, 2626 participants (mean age 25-36 years) were included from 10 studies (five cross-sectional and five case-control studies), 1163 of whom were women with PCOS. The pooled results from eight included studies providing the number of cases revealed no significant association between PCOS and increased risk of FSD (RR = 1.09, 95% CI 0.9 to 1.32; heterogeneity: I2 = 11.0%). The combined overall standard mean difference from five studies reporting Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) scores showed that patients with PCOS had similar values in total FSFI scores compared with healthy controls (standard mean difference = -0.03, 95% CI -0.12 to 0.05; heterogeneity: I2 = 0.0%). Sensitivity analyses yielded similar results. This meta-analysis suggests no direct association between PCOS and risk of FSD. Well-controlled trials with large sample sizes, however, are needed to validate this evidence.


Female sexual dysfunction,Meta-analysis,Polycystic ovary syndrome,Risk,