Isolated bladder exstrophy in prenatal diagnosis.


Department of Obstetrics and Prenatal Medicine, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany. [Email]


Isolated classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) is the most common variant of the bladder-exstrophy-epispadias complex (BEEC). The BEEC represents a spectrum ranging from isolated epispadias over CBE to the most severe form, cloacal exstrophy. We report on a series of 12 cases with CBE diagnosed prenatally and illustrate the spectrum of prenatal ultrasound findings with comparison to prior published reports on this entity.


Bladder exstrophy,Fetus,Prenatal diagnosis,