'It is surprising how much nonsense you hear': How residents experience and react to living in a stigmatised place. A narrative synthesis of the qualitative evidence.

Affiliation

Halliday E(1), Brennan L(2), Bambra C(3), Popay J(2).
Author information:
(1)Division of Health Research, Faculty of Health & Medicine, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YG, UK. Electronic address: [Email]
(2)Division of Health Research, Faculty of Health & Medicine, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1 4YG, UK.
(3)Population Health Sciences Institute, Newcastle University, Sir James Spence Institute, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, NE1 4LP, UK; Fuse - UKCRC Centre for Translational Research in Public Health, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK.

Abstract

There are significant geographical inequalities in health. Spatial stigma - negative representations of particular localities - could be an important mechanism through which place influences population health. To explore this, we undertook a narrative synthesis of studies reporting residents' perspectives of living in stigmatised localities. Qualitative research (38 studies) was reviewed to identify how spatial stigma manifested in residents' lives, their strategies to cope with stigma and the health consequences. The review found residents internalised stigma, but also resisted it differently. Although relatively few studies purposefully investigated health, living somewhere stigmatised had psychological effects and constrained life opportunities that have implications for health.