Ketoconazole and Posaconazole Selectively Target HK2-expressing Glioblastoma Cells.


Department of Neurological Surgery, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. [Email] [Email]


Hexokinase II (HK2) protein expression is elevated in glioblastoma (GBM), and we have shown that HK2 could serve as an effective therapeutic target for GBM. Here, we interrogated compounds that target HK2 effectively and restrict tumor growth in cell lines, patient-derived glioma stem cells (GSCs), and mouse models of GBM.Experimental Design: We performed a screen using a set of 15 drugs that were predicted to inhibit the HK2-associated gene signature. We next determined the EC50 of the compounds by treating glioma cell lines and GSCs. Selected compounds showing significant impact in vitro were used to treat mice and examine their effect on survival and tumor characteristics. The effect of compounds on the metabolic activity in glioma cells was also assessed in vitro.