Kinetic modelling of acrylamide formation during the finish-frying of french fries with variable maltose content.

Affiliation

Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading RG6 6AP, UK. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In light of a recent update in EU regulations governing levels of acrylamide in foodstuffs, further understanding of the role of different precursors is fundamental to extending mitigation strategies into a wider product range. Kinetic modelling was used to investigate the role of maltose in the formation of acrylamide during the finish-frying of french fries. The maltose concentration of raw white potato strips was systematically increased from 0 to 1.4% to observe the effect of this reducing disaccharide on acrylamide formation. A mathematical model, incorporating glucose, fructose and maltose and based on known Maillard reaction pathways, was developed which showed that acrylamide formation from maltose only contributed <10% to the total acrylamide. An additional kinetic model allowed for the formation of acrylamide directly from sugar-asparagine glycoconjugates. This model suggested that under these conditions, it is unlikely that acrylamide is formed directly from the maltose-asparagine conjugate.

Keywords

Acrylamide,Glycoconjugates,Kinetic modelling,Maillard,Maltose,Potato fries,