Label-free and amplified electrogenerated chemiluminescence biosensing for the detection of thymine DNA glycosylase activity using DNA-functionalized gold nanoparticles triggered hybridization chain reaction.
Key Laboratory of Synthetic and Natural Functional Molecule Chemistry of Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry and Materials Science, Northwest University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710127, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Effective detection of thymine DNA glycosylase (TDG) activity is extremely crucial and urgent for epigenetic research. Herein, a novel label-free electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) biosensing method was developed for the detection of TDG activity using DNA-functionalized gold nanoparticles (DNA-AuNPs) triggered hybridization chain reaction (HCR). In this assay, the thiol modified hairpin probe DNA (hp-DNA) with 5' overhangs and one mismatched base pair of guanines: thymine (G: T) in the stem part was boned onto gold electrode. TDG specifically removed T base of the G: T mismatch to produce apyrimidinic (AP) sites through the N-glycosidic bond hydrolysis. The AP site was then cleaved by the catalysis of Endonuclease IV (EnIV) to generate dsDNA containing a free 3' end in the long sequence, which serves as a complementary sequence to hybridize with the specific sequence (ssDNA1) of DNA-AuNPs. Then, the functionalized DNA-AuNPs with initiator strands (ssDNA2) could trigger HCR to form nicked double helices DNA polymer which can embed numerous ECL indicator, Ru(phen)32+, resulting in significantly increased ECL signal. The proposed strategy combined the amplification function of DNA-AuNPs triggered HCR and the inherent high sensitivity of the ECL technique, a detection limit of 1.1 × 10-5 U/μL (0.0028 ng/mL) for TDG determination was obtained. In addition, this method was successfully applied to evaluate TDG activity in cancer cell, which provides great possibility for TDG activity assay in related clinical diagnostics.