Lactate and NEWS-L are fair predictors of mortality in critically ill geriatric emergency department patients.


Emergency Medicine Department, Necmettin Erbakan University Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : In this study, we aimed to investigate the prognostic power of the first lactate level measured in the emergency department (ED), National Early Warning Score (NEWS), and NEWS-lactate (NEWS-L) on ED admission in critically ill geriatric patients.
METHODS : This retrospective observational study was conducted in the ED of a university hospital. Consecutive patients ≥65 years of age admitted to our ED between July 1, 2017, and December 31, 2017, and transferred to the intensive care unit after the ED follow-up period were included in the study. The predictive performances of lactate, NEWS, and NEWS-L in terms of in-hospital mortality were compared.
RESULTS : A total of 455 patients were included in the statistical analyses. The in-hospital mortality rate was 22.9%. The mean lactate, NEWS, and NEWS-L of non-survivors was significantly higher than those of survivors (2.9 ± 2.2 vs. 1.9 ± 1.5 mmol/L, 8.9 ± 4.1 vs. 6.1 ± 3.7, and 11.8 ± 5.0 vs. 8.1 ± 4.4, respectively, for all p < 0.001). The AUCs of the lactate, NEWS, and NEWS-L were respectively 0.654 (95% CI 0.594-0.713), 0.686 (95% CI 0.628-0.744), and 0.714 (95% CI 0.658-0.770) in predicting in-hospital mortality.
CONCLUSIONS : According to the results of this study, we conclude that ED admission lactate level and NEWS are low-accuracy predictors of in-hospital mortality in critically ill geriatric patients. Although the combination of lactate level with physiological parameters increases the predictive performances of both parameters, NEWS-L is still not a powerful predictor to make definitive clinical decisions for critically ill geriatric ED patients.


Critically ill,Geriatrics,Lactate,NEWS,NEWS-lactate,

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