Laparoscopic cholecystectomy in situs inversus totalis: Case report with review of techniques.


Department of General Surgery, King Fahd Military Medical Complex, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a congenital disorder in which the visceral organs are mirrored from their normal anatomical position. Diagnosis and management of cholelithiasis in patient with SIT poses a challenge due to the underlying anatomical variation.
METHODS : We report a case of a 40-year-old male patient who presented with an intermittent history of epigastric and left upper quadrant pain for one month. Clinical assessment and radiological investigations confirmed the presence of cholelithiasis with evidence of SIT. The patient underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy with no complication and he had an uneventful recovery. Various intraoperative modification has been made to overcome the technical difficulties encountered due to the underlying anatomical variation.
CONCLUSIONS : Since the first successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patient with SIT performed in 1991, 85 cases have been reporsted in the literature. Surgeons managed to overcome the technical difficulties by adopting various modification in the techniques compared to the conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
CONCLUSIONS : The anatomical variation in SIT can influence the localization of symptoms in patient with cholelithiasis leading to a delay in diagnosis and management. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be safely performed in these cases. However, it is considered technically challenging procedure and often requires alteration in the technique.


Case report,Laparoscopic cholecystectomy,Situs inversus totalis,

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