Post-Doctoral Research Center of Chongqing Key Laboratory of Inorganic Special Functional Materials, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Yangtze Normal University, Fuling, Chongqing, 408100, China. [Email]
By adding 6 thymines to lengthen the parent aptamer combined with the change of "on" and "off" induced by the target for an assistant stem-loop DNA probe (ASP-SLP-MB), a new folding-type electrochemical kanamycin (Kana) aptamer-engineering dual-probe-based sensor (sensor d) was developed. By purposefully reducing the background current and increasing the electron transfer efficiency of methylene blue (MB), the sensor obtained significantly enhanced detection sensitivity compared with non-aptamer-engineering one-probe-based sensor (sensor a). Such efficacy was validated by a big decrease from 530.6 to 210.2 nA for the background current signal and from 360 to 0.3 nM for the detection limit. In addition to the improved sensitivity, the sensor also exhibited good selectivity, anti-fouling detection performance, and potential quantitative analysis ability, showing a feasible potential practical analytical application in real-life complicated samples, for example, milk and serum. The released results prove that the aptamer-engineering method is effective in improving the analytical performance of folding-type sensors and provides a methodological guidance for the design and fabrication of other high-performance folding-type aptasensors. Graphical abstract.