Co-Innovation Center of Henan Province for New Drug R & D and Preclinical Safety, Zhengzhou 450001, China; College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Histone lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) has been recognized as an important epigenetic target for disease treatment. To date, a large number of LSD1 inhibitors have been developed, some of which are currently being evaluated in clinical trials for the treatment of cancers, virus infection, and neurodegenerative diseases. In this paper, we for the first time reported the ligand-based design of fragment-like xanthine derivatives as LSD1 inhibitors, of which compound 4 possessed acceptable pharmacological inhibition against LSD1 (IC50 = 6.45 μM) and favorable fragment-like nature, and therefore could be used as a promising template to design new LSD1 inhibitors. Interestingly, compounds 6c and 6i strongly suppressed growth of MGC-803 cells partly dependent on their LSD1 inhibition, and were also found to be able to inhibit BRD4 and IDO1. The docking studies were performed to rationalize the biochemical potency against LSD1 and to explain the observed activity discrepancy. The proof-of-concept work may provide an example for other natural ligand-based drug design.