Light-induced release of nitric oxide from the nitric oxide-bound CDGSH-type [2Fe-2S] clusters in mitochondrial protein Miner2.


Department of Biological Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


Human mitochondrial matrix protein Miner2 hosts two [2Fe-2S] clusters via two CDGSH (Cys-Asp-Gly-Ser-His) motifs. Unlike other iron-sulfur clusters in proteins, the reduced CDGSH-type [2Fe-2S] clusters in Miner2 are able to bind nitric oxide (NO) and form stable NO-bound [2Fe-2S] clusters without disruption of the clusters. Here we report that the NO-bound Miner2 [2Fe-2S] clusters can quickly release NO upon the visible light excitation. The UV-visible and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) measurements show that the NO-bound Miner2 [2Fe-2S] clusters are converted to the reduced Miner2 [2Fe-2S] clusters upon the light excitation under anaerobic conditions, suggesting that NO binding in the reduced Miner2 [2Fe-2S] clusters is reversible. Additional studies reveal that binding of NO effectively inhibits the redox transition of the Miner2 [2Fe-2S] clusters, indicating that NO may modulate the physiological activity of Miner2 in mitochondria by directly binding to the CDGSH-type [2Fe-2S] clusters in the protein.


CDGSH-Type [2Fe–2S] cluster,Light excitation,Nitric oxide,