Lipase-catalyzed solvent-free synthesis of erythorbyl laurate in a gas-solid-liquid multiphase system.

Affiliation

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Wonkwang University, Iksan 54538, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Erythorbyl laurate is a potential food additive as a multi-functional emulsifier having antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. In this study, a gas-solid-liquid multiphase system (GSL-MPS) was established to enhance the production yield of erythorbyl laurate in a lipase-catalyzed solvent-free synthesis. The significant reaction variables were optimized as follows: substrate molar ratio of 2:1 (lauric acid:erythorbic acid) and enzyme concentration of 120 mg/mL (840 PLU/mL). Under these conditions, the maximum production yield in GSL-MPS was 13.974 mg/mL, which is 8.60- and 4.26-fold higher than the yields obtained in an organic solvent monophase system (OS-MPS) and a solid-liquid biphase system (SL-BPS), respectively. Moreover, the operational stability of the immobilized lipase was significantly improved in GSL-MPS compared with OS-MPS. These results indicate that GSL-MPS can be an enzymatic reaction system facilitating efficient production of ester compounds as a means of increasing production yields and the reusability of the immobilized lipase.

Keywords

Erythorbyl laurate,Gas-solid-liquid multiphase system,Immobilized lipase,Lipase-catalyzed solvent-free synthesis,Production yield,