Long-Term Effects on Preventing Stroke after Endovascular Treatment or Bypass Surgery for Intracranial Arterial Stenosis.


Department of Neurosurgery, Tosei General Hospital, Aichi, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : Intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is an important cause of ischemic stroke worldwide due to its higher risk of recurrence with medical therapy. Although some large randomized studies failed to show the superiority of surgical treatment compared with medical therapy, the results of medical therapy are not sufficient. There are patients who still benefit from surgical treatment. This retrospective analysis aimed to evaluate the long-term efficacy of surgical therapy with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and/or stenting (PTA/PTAS) or extracranial-intracranial (EC/IC) bypass surgery for patients with ICAS.
METHODS : Between October 2005 and December 2016, 55 ICAS patients were treated with PTA/PTAS or EC-IC bypass surgery. Their electronic medical records were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. The primary outcome was all adverse events beyond 30 days after a revascularization procedure.
RESULTS : We performed 21 cases (35%) of PTA, 4 cases (7%) of PTAS, and 34 cases (58%) of EC-IC bypass surgery and the median follow-up duration was 66 months (range 1-144 months). The occurrence rate of the primary outcome was 10.2% and only 1 patient (1.8%) experienced ipsilateral disabling ischemic stroke beyond 30 days. The long-term functional independent survival rate was 83.6%.
CONCLUSIONS : We demonstrated a long-term favorable outcome of combined surgical intervention for ICAS patients with PTA/PTAS and EC-IC bypass surgery, and the result was better than previously reported outcomes of medical therapy. Additional multicenter studies are required to draw firm conclusions on the efficacy of reduction of recurrent stroke in patients with ICAS.


EC-IC bypass,Intracranial arterial stenosis,percutaneous transluminal angioplasty,stenting,