Long-term stability of the Fe(III)-As(V) coprecipitates: Effects of neutralization mode and the addition of Fe(II) on arsenic retention.


Key Laboratory of Pollution Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Institute of Applied Ecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang, 110016, China. Electronic address: [Email]


The coprecipitation of arsenic with Fe(III) by lime neutralization is widely used in industrial practices to treat arsenic-containing waste waters generated from mineral processing operations. In this work, coprecipitation was conducted directly at pH 8 to simulate the operations in hydrometallurgical practices, which differed from the conventional laboratory operations. Moreover, although ferric is the major species of iron in arsenic-containing waste waters, the coexistence of ferrous ions cannot be ignored. Therefore, the effect of different neutralization modes, as well as the effect of ferrous ions on the removal of arsenic and the stability of the generated arsenic-bearing wastes, was systematically investigated. The result showed that arsenic was still released back into the liquid phase under alkaline conditions even for the samples formed directly at alkaline pH. It was found that the extra addition of Fe(II) may exert negative effect on the stability of the as-formed Fe(II)-Fe(III)-As(V) coprecipitates at pH 7 - 10. The concentration of ferrous ions in the liquid/solid phase decreased with increasing pH for each sample formed at different Fe(II)/Fe(tot). The results indicated that complete oxidation of the ferrous ions before coprecipitation with arsenic should be conducted to achieve optimal stability of the arsenic-bearing wastes for hydrometallurgical practice and waste disposal.


Arsenic,Coprecipitation,Ferrous ion,Long-term stability,Neutralization mode,

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