Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound Prevents Development of Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw-Like Pathophysiology in a Rat Model.

Affiliation

Department of Oral Science, Kanagawa Dental University Graduate School of Dentistry, Yokosuka, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

We developed a rat model of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) by removing a maxillary molar tooth (M1) from ovariectomized rats after treatment with alendronate. To mimic periodontitis, some of the rats were administered Porphyromonas gingivalis (p. gingivalis) at the M1 site every 2 to 3 d for 2 wk. Rats pretreated with alendronate plus p. gingivalis showed delayed healing of socket epithelia, periosteal reaction of alveolar bone formation and lower bone mineral density in the alveolus above adjacent M2 teeth. These abnormalities were prevented by tooth socket exposure to 20 min/d low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS), which restored diminished expression of RANKL, Bcl-2, IL-6, Hsp70, NF-κB and TNF-α messenger ribonucleic acids in remote bone marrow, suggesting LIPUS prevented development of BRONJ-like pathophysiology in rat by inducing systemic responses for regeneration, in addition to accelerating local healing. Non-invasive treatment by LIPUS, as well as low-level laser therapy, may be useful for medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw patients.

Keywords

Alendronate,Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ),Bone marrow,Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS),Periodontitis,Systemic effect,

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