Tianjin Key Laboratory of Risk Assessment and Control Technology for Environment and Food Safety, Institute of Environmental and Operational Medicine, Academy of Military Medical Science, Academy of Military Science, Tianjin, 300050, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Based on superparamagnetic nanoparticles, a responsive polyacrylamide hydrogel self-assembled by nucleic acid hairpin hybridization chain reaction was designed, and a universal low field nuclear magnetic resonance sensing platform was successfully constructed. As the target was gradually added, the hydrogel coating on the surface of the magnetic nanoparticle was opened layer by layer through binding with the aptamer, which specifically bonded thereto, causing different degrees of exposure of the magnetic nanoparticle, resulting in changes of low field nuclear magnetic resonance signals. This method was originally applied to the rapid detection of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and the versatility of the method was verified using polychlorinated biphenyl 77 (PCB77). This method had the advantage of being fast, convenient, and low cost, and it can be easily operated with high repeatability. This universal method can detect a variety of targets by replacing aptamers and may be useful in controlling food quality and for rapidly detecting cancer cells in vitro.