M06-SX screened-exchange density functional for chemistry and solid-state physics.

Affiliation

Department of Chemistry, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455-0431; [Email] [Email]

Abstract

Screened-exchange hybrid density functionals are especially recommended for solid-state systems because they combine the advantages of hybrid functionals with the correct physics and lower computational cost associated with the attenuation of Hartree-Fock exchange at long range. We present a screened-exchange hybrid functional, M06-SX, that combines the functional form of the local revM06-L functional with a percentage of short-range nonlocal Hartree-Fock exchange. The M06-SX functional gives good results not only for a large set of training data but also for several databases quite different from the training data. The mean unsigned error (MUE) of the M06-SX functional is 2.85 kcal/mol for 418 atomic and molecular energies (AME418) in Minnesota Database 2019, which is better than all five other screened-exchange hybrid functionals tested in this work. The M06-SX functional also gives especially good results for semiconductor band gaps, molecular dissociation energies, noncovalent interactions, barrier heights, and electronic excitation energies excluding long-range charge transfer excitations. For the LC18 lattice constants database, the M06-SX functional gives an MUE of only 0.034 Å. Therefore, the M06-SX functional is well suited for studying molecular chemistry as well as solid-state physics.

Keywords

Kohn–Sham density functional theory,band gap,condensed-matter theory,lattice constants,molecular energetics,

OUR Recent Articles