M2a and M2b macrophages predominate in kidney tissues and M2 subpopulations were associated with the severity of disease of IgAN patients.


Department of Nephrology, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangdong Provincial Geriatrics Institute, Guangzhou 510080, China. Electronic address: [Email]


M2 macrophages play important roles during the injury and repair phases in kidney. Our aims are to investigate the distribution of M2 subpopulations and the correlation with clinicopathological features of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients. In this study, renal samples from 49 IgAN patients were detected by immunofluorescence. The markers of M2 macrophages, including M2a (CD206+/CD68+), M2b (CD86+/CD68+) and M2c (CD163+/CD68+) were identified. We found M2a and M2b macrophages were the predominant subpopulations in kidney tissues of IgAN. M2a macrophages were mainly distributed in tubulointerstitium with renal lesions like segmental glomerulosclerosis and tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis. However, there were larger numbers of M2c in glomeruli with minor lesions. Moreover, M2a and M2c macrophages were inversely correlated with the clinical and pathologic features, respectively. These results suggest M2 subpopulations were involved in the progression of IgAN, and M2a and M2c macrophages might show different properties to participate in the pathogenesis of IgAN.


IgA nephropathy,M2 macrophage,M2 subpopulaiton,Renal biopsy,

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