Major intraoperative bleeding during pancreatoduodenectomy - preoperative biliary drainage is the only modifiable risk factor.


Department of Surgery, Skåne University Hospital; Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden. Electronic address: [Email]


Pancreatoduodenectomy is associated with a high risk of complications. The aim was to identify preoperative risk factors for major intraoperative bleeding.