Management of neonatal thrombocytopenia in a context of maternal antiplatelet alloimmunization: Expert opinion of the French-speaking working group.

Affiliation

laboratoire HLA-HPA, Établissement français du sang (EFS) Bretagne, rue Pierre-Jean-Gineste, BP 91614, 35016 Rennes cedex, France. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is a potentially devastating disease, seen in 1/800-1000 neonates. FNAIT is the most common cause of early-onset isolated severe neonatal thrombocytopenia in maternity wards. The most feared complication of this disorder is intracranial hemorrhage, leading to death or neurological sequelae. There is no systematic screening of at-risk pregnancies and FNAIT is often discovered when fetal or neonatal bleeding is observed. A working group on fetomaternal platelet alloimmunization was created in 2017, under the auspices on the French Group of Thrombosis and Hemostasis (GFHT). The first objective of this group was to survey clinical practices for treatment of thrombocytopenic neonates in a context of suspected or confirmed FNAIT.

Keywords

Alloimmunization,Human platelet antigen (HPA),Neonatal thrombocytopenia,Newborn,Platelet,Transfusion,