Mechanical and biological properties of ZnO, SiO2, and Ag2O doped plasma sprayed hydroxyapatite coating for orthopaedic and dental applications.

Affiliation

W. M. Keck Biomedical Materials Research Laboratory, School of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, United States. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In this study, we explored a ternary dopant system utilizing 0.25 wt% ZnO to induce osteogenesis, 0.5 wt% SiO2 to induce angiogenesis, and 2.0 wt% Ag2O to provide secondary infection control within a plasma assisted hydroxyapatite coating for orthopaedic or dental applications. The objective of this study was to understand the effects of ZnO, SiO2, and Ag2O dopants on the mechanical and biological properties of hydroxyapatite (HA) coatings on titanium (Ti). Coatings were deposited using a 30 kW plasma spray system equipped with a supersonic nozzle to produce above standard coating bond strengths of 24 ± 2 MPa on Ti6Al4V and 22 ± 1 MPa on commercially pure Ti substrates. Antibacterial properties were revealed in vitro against E. coli and S. aureus. The ternary dopant system was implanted in 18 male Sprague-Dawley rats with timepoints of 5 and 10 weeks. By week 5, ZnSiAg-HA produced 32% bone mineralization of 68% total bone formation compared to only 11% bone mineralization of 55% total bone formation in the undoped coating. This system can be employed for replacement surgeries and revision surgeries to reduce healing time and enhance osseointegration. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: Total hip replacements increased 124% from 2000 to 2010 with an ever-increasing rate due to the rise in average life span and an escalation in surgeries for young patients. Replacement surgeries come with the risk of rejection, poor integration, and infection. This study incorporates biologically relevant metallic oxides of ZnO, SiO2, and Ag2O within a hydroxyapatite coating on titanium deposited using a radio frequency induction plasma spray. A ternary dopant system has not been explored in the current literature and little is known about these particular dopants in vivo. This proposed system can be employed for replacement surgeries to lower healing time and enhance osseointegration between implant and host tissue.

Keywords

Dopants,Hydroxyapatite,Osseointegration,Plasma spray,Titanium,

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