Mechanically and chemically defined hydrogel matrices for patient-derived colorectal tumor organoid culture.

Affiliation

Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, 31 Biopolis Way, The Nanos, Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Patient-derived tumor organoids offer potentially useful models of cancer tissue physiology. Yet, conventional organoid cultures utilize generic matrices that are difficult to tailor for various unique tumor microenvironments. Here, we employ synthetic, enzymatically crosslinked hydrogels to define mechanical and biochemical properties hypothesized to be relevant for maintaining these organoids. We show that a single extracellular matrix component, gelatin, suffices to support colorectal cancer patient-derived xenograft (CRC-PDX) organoid survival, and that high matrix stiffness synergizes with hypoxia to increase organoid growth and metabolism in a majority of CRC-PDX lines tested. Moreover, we demonstrate that defined gelatin-based hydrogels support CRC-PDX tumor growth in vivo and organoid sensitivity to various CRC therapeutic drugs in vitro in a largely comparable fashion to a conventional reconstituted basement membrane matrix. Based on our findings, we propose that enzymatically crosslinked hydrogels potentially provide a platform for designing mechanically and biochemically defined matrices for various types of patient-derived tumor organoids.

Keywords

Colorectal cancer,Gelatin hydrogel,Mechanically defined,Patient-derived tumor organoid,

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