Megaprosthesis in distal femur nonunions in elderly patients-experience from twenty four cases.


Department of Orthopaedics & Trauma, Ganga Medical Centre & Hospitals Pvt. Ltd, 313, Mettupalayam Road, Coimbatore, India. [Email]


OBJECTIVE : To evaluate the outcomes and complications using cemented megaprosthesis in elderly patients with distal femur nonunions (DFN).
METHODS : Between 2012 and 2016, 24 patients of DFN with an average age of 71.8 years (66-83) and an average 1.9(1-3) prior surgery was managed with distal femur replacement using cemented modular endoprosthesis. Outcomes were analysed on the following criteria: implant status, complications, knee range of motion, Knee Society Score (KSS) and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score.
RESULTS : All patients were extremely satisfied with their outcomes. At an average 22.1 months (10-43) follow-up, patients had an average 69.5° (40°-110°) knee flexion, an average KSS of 75.7 (63-88) and an average MSTS score of 19.3 (17-25). Four patients died at an average 21.3 months after surgery due to causes unrelated to the fracture. One patient (4.1%) had implant-related complication; deep infection which required debridement and intravenous antibiotics. There were no late amputations or peri-operative deaths and no patient had aseptic loosening of components.
CONCLUSIONS : By permitting immediate full weight-bearing ambulation and with most patients returning to an acceptable functional status, cemented megaprosthesis is a viable and useful single-stage management option in elderly patients with DFN.


Arthroplasty,Distal femur nonunions,Elderly,Knee Society Score,Megaprosthesis,

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