Metal ferrite incorporated polysulfone thin-film nanocomposite membranes for wastewater treatment.

Affiliation

Membrane Separation Group, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Calicut, Calicut, 673601, India. [Email]

Abstract

Effluents from food, fermentation, and sugar industries contain a large quantity of glucose which has to be removed to limit the chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the water discharged. This work proposes novel thin-film nanocomposite (TFN) membranes incorporated with MgFe2O4 and ZnFe2O4 nanoparticles to address this concern. The nanoparticles synthesized by the sol-gel method was extensively characterized and then incorporated into the active polyamide layer of the thin-film composite polysulfone membranes. The change in membrane morphology, wettability, chemical structure, and mechanical strength with the incorporation of nanoparticles was studied in detail. Membranes with 0.005 wt.% MgFe2O4 nanoparticle exhibited highest glucose rejection (96.52 ± 2.35%) at 10 bar, 25 °C, and sufficiently high pure water flux (50.54 ± 1.92 L/m2h). This membrane also displayed 69.1 ± 5.12% salt rejection when challenged with 2000 ppm synthetic NaCl solution.

Keywords

Interfacial polymerization,Metal ferrite,Nanofiltration,Permeability,Thin-film nanocomposite,

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