Methylopila carotae sp. nov., a facultative methylotroph, isolated from a root of Daucus carota L.

Affiliation

IBPM RAS, G.K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Federal Research Center Pushchino Center for Biological Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Prospect Nauki, 5, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russia, 142290. [Email]

Abstract

An aerobic facultatively methylotrophic bacterium, designated strain Das4.1T, was isolated from a root of Daucus carota L. The cells of this strain were observed to be Gram-stain negative, asporogenous, non-motile short rods multiplying by binary fission. Strain Das4.1T can utilise methanol, methylamine and a variety of polycarbon compounds as carbon and energy sources. C1-compounds were found to be assimilated via the isocitrate lyase-negative variant of the serine pathway. On medium with 0.5% methanol, growth of strain Das4.1T was observed at pH 5.5-9.0 (optimum, pH 6.0-7.0) and 18-37 °C (optimum, 24-29 °C) and in the presence of 0-2% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0.05%). Cells are catalase and oxidase positive and synthesise indole from L-tryptophan. The major fatty acids of methanol-grown cells were identified as C18:1ω7c, C18:0 and 11-methyl-C18:1ω7c. The predominant phospholipids were found to be phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine. The major respiratory quinone was identified as Q-10. The DNA G + C content of strain Das4.1T was determined to be 67.3 mol% (Tm). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison revealed that strain Das4.1T belongs to the genus Methylopila and shows high sequence similarity to Methylopila oligotropha 2395AT (98.4%) and Methylopila capsulata IM1T (98.0%). However, the DNA-DNA relatedness of strain Das4.1T with M. oligotropha 2395AT was only 22 ± 3%. Based on genotypic, chemotaxonomic and physiological characterisation, the isolate can be classified as a novel species of the genus Methylopila, for which the name Methylopila carotae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Das4.1T (= VKM B-3244T = CCUG 72399T).

Keywords

Methylopila carotae sp.nov.,Phytosymbiont,Taxonomy,