Microhomology-based CRISPR tagging tools for protein tracking, purification, and depletion.


From the Departments of Biological Chemistry and [Email]


Work in yeast models has benefitted tremendously from the insertion of epitope or fluorescence tags at the native gene locus to study protein function and behavior under physiological conditions. In contrast, work in mammalian cells largely relies on overexpression of tagged proteins because high-quality antibodies are only available for a fraction of the mammalian proteome. CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing has recently emerged as a powerful genome-modifying tool that can also be exploited to insert various tags and fluorophores at gene loci to study the physiological behavior of proteins in most organisms, including mammals. Here we describe a versatile toolset for rapid tagging of endogenous proteins. The strategy utilizes CRISPR/Cas9 and microhomology-mediated end joining repair for efficient tagging. We provide tools to insert 3×HA, His6FLAG, His6-Biotin-TEV-RGSHis6, mCherry, GFP, and the auxin-inducible degron tag for compound-induced protein depletion. This approach and the developed tools should greatly facilitate functional analysis of proteins in their native environment.


AID,CRISPR/Cas,auxin,epitope tagging,gene expression,microhomology,protein degradation,protein engineering,protein purification,

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