Microstructure characterization of biocompatible heterojunction hydrogen titanate-Ag2O nanocomposites for superior visible light photocatalysis and antibacterial activity.

Affiliation

Materials Science Division, Department of Physics, The University of Burdwan, Golapbag, Burdwan 713104, West Bengal, India. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Hydrogen trititanate (H2Ti3O7·2H2O) and hydrogen trititanate/Ag2O hybrid nanocomposites (NCs) with novel structure have been synthesized by a simple solvothermal route followed by Na+/H+ ion-exchange. Growths of hydrogen trititanate with nanofiber (HTNF) and nanotube (HTNT) morphologies and hydrogen trititanate-Ag2O (HTFAG and HTTAG) nanocomposites have been tailored by controlling the solvent media. Detailed microstructure characterization of all these samples have been carried out by Rietveld refinement of XRD data and analyzing FESEM/HRTEM micrographs and FTIR spectra. Band gap energies of all these semiconducting samples are obtained from UV-Vis absorption spectra. Both HTFAG and HTTAG NCs exhibit enhanced photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutant (Congo red dye) under visible light, in comparison to HTNF and HTNT respectively due to the formation of a heterojunction between H2Ti3O7·2H2O and Ag2O, which is supported by photoluminescence spectroscopy. HTFAG and HTTAG NCs also show superior antibacterial activity against both gram-negative (Escherichia coli) and gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis) bacteria compared to their pure counterparts. MTT assay reflects a sufficiently high percentage of cell viability and confirms the significant cytocompatibility of all the samples.

Keywords

Antibacterial,Congo red,Cytocompatibility,H(2)Ti(3)O(7)·2H(2)O/Ag(2)O,Heterojunction,

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