Microvascular density, macrophages, and mast cells in human clear cell renal carcinoma with and without bevacizumab treatment.


Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neurosciences and Sensory Organs, University of Bari Medical School, Bari, Italy. Electronic address: [Email]


Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) represents a highly vascularized aggressive kidney cancer. Due to ccRCC chemotherapy resistance, antiangiogenesis is one of the most innovative targeted therapies for this tumor. The tumor microenvironment exerts important roles in tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastatic escape.


Angiogenesis,Antiangiogenesis,Bevacizumab,Renal cell carcinoma,

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