Minimum variance-embedded deep kernel regularized least squares method for one-class classification and its applications to biomedical data.


Discipline of Computer Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Simrol, Indore, 453552, India. Electronic address: [Email]


Deep kernel learning has been well explored for multi-class classification tasks; however, relatively less work is done for one-class classification (OCC). OCC needs samples from only one class to train the model. Most recently, kernel regularized least squares (KRL) method-based deep architecture is developed for the OCC task. This paper introduces a novel extension of this method by embedding minimum variance information within this architecture. This embedding improves the generalization capability of the classifier by reducing the intra-class variance. In contrast to traditional deep learning methods, this method can effectively work with small-size datasets. We conduct a comprehensive set of experiments on 18 benchmark datasets (13 biomedical and 5 other datasets) to demonstrate the performance of the proposed classifier. We compare the results with 16 state-of-the-art one-class classifiers. Further, we also test our method for 2 real-world biomedical datasets viz.; detection of Alzheimer's disease from structural magnetic resonance imaging data and detection of breast cancer from histopathological images. Proposed method exhibits more than 5% F1 score compared to existing state-of-the-art methods for various biomedical benchmark datasets. This makes it viable for application in biomedical fields where relatively less amount of data is available.


Alzheimer’s disease,Breast cancer,Kernel learning,Magnetic resonance imaging,One-class classification,Outlier detection,

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