Modeling caspase-1 inhibition: Implications for catalytic mechanism and drug design.


Departamento de Química Física, Universidad de Valencia, Burjassot, Valencia, 46100, Spain. Electronic address: [Email]


The metabolic product of caspase-1, IL-1β, is an important mediator in inflammation and pyroptosis cell death process. Alzheimer's disease, septic shock and rheumatoid arthritis are IL-1β mediated diseases, making the caspase-1 an interesting target of pharmacological value. Many inhibitors have been developed until now, most of them are peptidomimetic with improved potency. In the present study, all-atom molecular dynamics simulations and the MM/GBSA method were employed to reproduce and interpret the results obtained by in vitro experiments for a series of inhibitors. The analysis shows that the tautomeric state of the catalytic His237 impact significantly the performance of the prediction protocol, providing evidence for a His237 tautomeric state different to the proposed in the putative mechanism. Additionally, analysis of inhibitor-enzyme interactions indicates that the differences in the inhibitory potency of the tested ligands can be explained mainly by the interaction of the inhibitors with the S2-S4 protein region. These results provide guidelines for subsequent studies of caspase-1 catalytic reaction mechanism and for the design of novel inhibitors.


Binding free energy,Caspase-1,ICE inhibition,MM/GBSA,

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